do you wish to deepen your knowledge in photography and would like to purchase a first SLR camera? We’ll tell you what makes a camera with SLR like manual Photography works. We also introduce you to three popular DSLR cameras for beginner to advise you in the selection of the right camera.

Why a SLR camera?

the name giving for a mirror reflex camera, the mirror that comes when Photographing in the Interior of the camera to use. In this way, view and axis should be ideally matched. This means that the image you see as a photographer in the viewfinder, is shown from the same perspective on the image sensor. The mirror reflex camera scans a very realistic representation of what you want to shoot. Also the large image sensor of the DSLR cameras contributes. The images are rich in detail and can capture the reality perfectly in pictures.

There are analog and digital SLR cameras. A analog mirror reflex camera requires a Film. This you can then develop. A digital camera creates images that are collected on a memory card in the camera. You can process the images digitally, or also develop. Analog cameras are often abbreviated as SR, and digital models with DSLR.

To purchase a first SLR camera speaks to the opportunity to learn manual photography. This means that parameters such as aperture, exposure time and focus need to be independently set. This allows for creative shots, and great flexibility. SLR cameras have in addition, but also automatic programs. So, the camera sets the correct parameters automatically, without you having to be active. Add to this the semi-automatic photo modes. The camera then takes over, for example, setting the appropriate aperture, while you adjust as a photographer, the exposure time to your needs.

an Important purchase criteria

Every photographer has their own preferences. The following criteria it is worth, however, before buying a DSLR camera to pay attention to.

folding screen: A folding screen is very convenient. So you can take pictures from different angles without having to contort.Touchscreen: New cameras often have a touch screen. You can use the menu, the manual Parameter setting or the shutter function to operate. The need for a Touchscreen is not necessarily, he can make the operation of the SLR camera, however, is more intuitive.Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, NFC: There are cameras with wireless connection capabilities. So you can transfer via Wi-Fi, NFC or Bluetooth wireless digital photos from camera to PC or mobile phone. A cable is eliminated. This makes the Transfer easy and comfortable. Video function: you Want to capture with your DSLR Videos? Often modern cameras have both functions, it is still worth to check this before buying in short, and to be informed about the Video quality. Most cameras record in Full HD.Kit lens: before the purchase, whether you buy just the camera body, a camera without a lens, or whether a suitable standard lens. Camera body and lens are bought in combination, this is a Kit lens.Fixed focal length: Some lenses have a fixed focal length. That means that you can not zoom with these Lenses. The picture can only be due to movement of the photographer changed, and not by a built-in Zoom. This offers the advantage that the photographer is asked when it comes to new perspectives. Only by the movement of other points of view and exciting motifs. This is especially for beginners practically, since the eye is trained, and the Exercise helps to find interesting perspectives.Aperture: There are many different lenses with different Apertures. So there are lenses that are suitable for open mining photography is particularly good. They come in low light, such as in the evening. The popular Background blur is better, if the set aperture is, for example, of 1.8.ISO value: The ISO value of a DSLR camera can compensate for, such as a wide-open aperture, low light conditions. The ISO value indicates how sensitive to light the image sensor of the camera. The higher you set this value, the more light it can capture the camera.

1. Canon EOS 2000D

the Canon EOS 2000D is a digital mirror reflex camera (DSLR). The camera with Standard Kit lens (18-55). This makes for a practical and affordable SLR camera for beginners. Canon has numerous lenses in the range, and you can add the camera again and again with new lenses.

tip: The Kit lens is well suited for beginners. You can zoom in and out slightly, and a diaphragm 4 provides already a blur for beautiful background. However, this blur has its limits, as is the possibility of low-light photography. That’s why the Canon EF 50 mm f/1.8 STM lens is a great addition to the first mirror reflex camera. It provides with an aperture of 1.8 for atmospheric night shots and blurred Background. The lens has a fixed focal length of 50 mm, this means that zooming is possible. The photographer is in demand and can provide through movement for exciting new perspectives.

flip-up Display: no touchscreen: no wireless Transmission: Wi-Fi, NFCVideo function: Full-HDKit-lens: 18-55 mmBildsensor: 24.1-Megapixel
2. Nikon D3500

The Nikon D3500 offers a good price-performance ratio. The built-in Bluetooth interface enables the wireless Transfer of images and Videos on a Laptop, Tablet or Smartphone. You get the mirror reflex camera of Nikon with a practical Kit lens together. So you can start directly with the Photograph. The camera weighs little, is compact and pleasant for traveling.

flip-up Display: no touchscreen: no wireless Transmission: Bluetooth, video function: Full-HDKit-lens: 18-55 mmBildsensor: 24.2 Megapixel
3. Sony Alpha 6000

Many people buy a first SLR camera, because they want to deepen their photography skills. The eponymous mirror reflex cameras implies for the majority that you can take pictures with these cameras manually and of higher quality images. In fact, this also works with compact system cameras with different Lenses can be combined. The major advantage of such cameras is that the image sensor as in Spiegelreflexkameras is large, the devices are lighter and more compact. This makes them ideal for on-the-go. The Sony Alpha 6000 is a high-quality system camera that you can combine with different Lenses.

folding Display: Jato uchscreen: no wireless Transmission: wifi, video function: Full-HDKit-lens: 16-50Bildsensor: 24 Megapixel
From Amateur photographer to professional

SLR cameras offer the great advantage that they can manually be operated, and the image quality is very high. Images that are to be made with the mirror reflex camera, for example, for large prints or the inclusion of special light conditions, no longer can scan the Smartphone and co. Who would like to take pictures manually that needs to know some basic terms and their function to understand. This is not difficult, it requires, however, at the beginning of attention and some skill. Who has understood it once, you can experiment on a whim with the camera. For beginners, it is best to know the basics of manual photography and to understand. That’s why you will find here a comprehensive summary.

lens

The lens is the heart of the camera. It decides on the admission of your photos by the lens, exposure, aperture, focal length and focus is responsible. The correct setting of these parameters is important and requires Practice. In many cameras there is already a suitable Kit lens to the camera. Once you Exercise, you can add more lenses. Each lens has different features and is suitable for a variety of motives.

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choosing The right lens determines the outcome of the photos

©neon brand Unsplash focal length

Looking through the viewfinder of your SLR camera, you will see a portion of the image that can vary depending on the focal length. This is because the focal length over the distance of the camera and the recording level shall be decisive. Simplified, this means that an object can act through the viewfinder of the camera closer or further away. The Change of the focal length is called a Zoom.

exposure time

Setting The correct exposure time depends on the existing light conditions. You are photographing, for example, in the case of sun glare, should be the exposure of the image short. Otherwise, it will overexpose the image. In low light, the required exposure conditions, such as, for example, in the evening or at night, extended time, a motif scan. The camera compensates for low light with long exposure times. The exact exposure time always depends on the existing light conditions and must be set manually. In addition, the exposure time, The longer, the more stable the camera needs to be held. Otherwise, camera shake the images quickly, because the camera exposed for a long time and only then triggers. You have to try it once and a long exposure time of three seconds, and off Hand shooting. You try to stand still and move the camera a Millimeter. This is unlikely to succeed. For such applications the photographer to stabilize the camera with a handy tripod (such as, for example, with such a tripod).

ISO value

of Course, you can shoot with your DSLR in low light. For this you need to extend the exposure time as well as the so-called ISO-value adapt. To Set the correct ISO value tells your camera how light sensitive the image sensor will be. The higher the ISO value, the more light sensitive the Sensor and the better you can shoot with the camera in low light.

aperture

The exposure time depends directly on the setting the right aperture. The aperture of the lens determines how much light falls on the camera lens. You can think of this Mechanism as an eye. You pinch the eyes together, penetrates less light. The aperture takes over the function of the eyelid in the Mechanics of the SLR camera. The optimum adjustment of exposure time and aperture of requires Exercise.

The iris of a camera lens varies depending on the model. A low aperture of 1.8 means that the aperture is wide open. You would say, you are photographing offenblendig. A high aperture, such as aperture 18, it means that the aperture is closed. The more open the aperture, the more light falls on the Sensor of the camera and the brighter the image. The other way around, the Same applies. If you want to in the evening, shooting in the dark, you need a wide open aperture and a long exposure time.

An example: you want to take a photo in bright sunshine and in motion, for example, during a city trip. The exposure time should be short, which ensures that you can photograph on the Go, without that the result will be blurred and the images are overexposed. The aperture should be closed to prevent too much light from entering. Completely closed, it may not be, however, because in movement there is too little light coming to the lens.

aperture and the Bokeh effect

you want the popular background blur? The image is elegant, and the main subject stands out impressive. You need to pay attention when choosing the lens that the aperture can be opened wide, because the more open the aperture of the lens, the blurrier the Background. For this, f / 1.4 or 2.8 are, for example. The desired blur effect Bokeh effect is called.

Three tips for the Bokeh effect

you Use f / 1.4 or 2.8.Imagine you want to photograph a Person in front of a blue wall. The Bokeh succeed in effect, must be this Person a bit far away from the wall. You should be close to the wall, not blur the Background properly.Telephoto lenses are better than wide-angle lenses.
focus

There are manual focus and automatic focus. It can be a to the lens of the camera on and off. You are shooting with manual focus, you will have the opportunity to decide for themselves which areas should be made of the photos sharp. The automatic focus does this job. This is nice when you photograph on the go and quickly take a snapshot you want to make. The manual focus makes for more experimentation and freedom.

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The right accessories for your new DSLR camera is worth

©Dusan Ilic Practical accessory for beginners

in addition to a first camera may be worth the investment in the right accessories. So you don’t have to forego longer trips on sufficient battery power, storage space and stability. Ayou want to buy your SLR camera, whether it is in the Set of matching accessories. If not, buy the parts easy.

SD card

In the rule are when buying a SLR camera, no memory cards (SD cards) are included. So you can directly start Shooting, you should invest in a suitable SD card. A good size SD card with 64 GB. The write speed of the card should be fast, so you don’t have to wait long until the image data are stored.

camera bag

If you want to take the camera with you on vacation or on long trips, is worth it for a camera bag. The camera is protected better. There are even bags with a practical rain protection. In addition, spare batteries and memory cards in it store. So everything has its place and you will find the accessories quickly.

tripod

A tripod is used when you want to expose photos in a long time. Do not stabilize the camera with a tripod, it is likely that the image-shake result. Tripods allow you, photos with self-timer record. The camera has a secure Stand and can be optimally aligned. Those who want movies with the new SLR camera on a loved one is in need of a camera Gimble. The practical mounts to stabilize the camera when you are in motion. So the images should not be blurred.

replacement battery

often, the mirror reflex cameras only have one battery. If you want a lot of and long shooting, you need one or several replacement batteries. This allows you to set the camera on long trips to take, without having to fear that the electricity goes out.

portable light reflector

Not always the light conditions for photography are in the Free ideal. A portable light reflector ensures that the light is optimally directed, by you can reflect, for example, the sun’s rays and a certain area of the image illumination. Also, there are different coatings, so you can create warm and cool colors.

How to get started in photography?

are you interested in a first mirror reflex camera. This is the first step to come closer to the advanced photography. In particular, the manual Photograph makes the hearts of photography Enthusiasts. If you shoot manually, you have to learn the camera and their function understand. That means with the purchase of your first mirror-reflex camera also is accompanied by Deepening of knowledge about photography. So you learn intuitively and can have fun with the new camera and apply the newly acquired Knowledge. Learn about the main functions such as aperture, exposure time, focal length, and focus. At the start of time looking at the camera.

do not Fret, when the first shots succeed directly. It requires patience and Practice, the camera settings for the photo conditions to optimally adapt. You simply trust and experiment with the camera. Then you will quickly remember which settings work and which do not. The most Important thing: Have fun at the photography. As you develop your own style and SLR camera will always be better in the Use of your mirror.

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