at the time of the Soviet Union has developed the military huge Ekranoplane. The largest ever built, the model is the object “KM” – better known as the Caspian sea Monster. It was made in the mid-60s in service. As A Single Piece. In 1980, the sea monster sank when the Pilot tried to start KM without the necessary thrust as the Monster toppled forward and sank into. At the end of the seventies, the smaller but equally powerful Lun-class was made – the “duck” – in service. These Jets were developed as a fleet destroyer, and were equipped with heavy Anti-ship missiles. They were 550 km/h, the range was 2000 km.

The ducks carried six SS-N-22 Sunburn missiles (P-80 f / a and P-270 f-M). The rockets had about 120 or later 160 kilometres of range. At the time, it was an outstanding value. The gefechst the head of about four tonnes of heavy weapon weighed over 300 pounds. He was designed that he should hit the ship’s side amidships by – first in the enemy ship, the battle should detonate the head then. Due to its Dimension, a hit would have turned off a ship the size of a destroyer immediately. The nuclear variant of the Sunburn would have been able to destroy a whole fleet Association.

Because of the extreme low flight of the rocket, and a warning time of 20 seconds, it was against the Sunburn no resistance.

Ekranoplane : The “duck” and the “Monster” should the fleets of the Nato crash Fullscreen

The Ärodynamik a Ekroplans is based, on a cushion of air under the wings.

©Rus military manufacturer the end of The program

at the beginning of the 90s the project of the military Ekranoplane after the collapse of the USSR was set up. The advantage of a ground effect aircraft lies in the combination of a high speed, a very large payload and compared to the aircraft’s low fuel consumption. Such constructions are, in spite of the short wings, in principle, able to fly freely. Optimal operation is, you reach just above the surface. Then a air roll builds up under the stub wings, the Ekranoplan rides. Therefore, these vehicles are also dependent on water or ice as a travel route. Over Land, the Air cylinder would drag a trail of destruction behind. At high speed, the rotating cushion of air acts as a solid body, as a huge concrete would roll the roller over the Land. In the Soviet Union, these stubs were developed wing originally, because the country has many water bodies and rivers but few roads. In the civilian sector, the smaller models were supplanted by the more versatile deployable helicopters.

In the military field, the low flight height has another advantage: The enemy’s Radar Ekranoplane can only be discovered very late in the day, as long as the Radar is stationed on the ground or on ships. Distance Ekranoplane can only be discovered from the air.

see also:

the suggestion from “Star Trek” – silent plane without the Turbine and the Propeller

Ekranoplan Airfish 8 – surfing on the wave comb

Giant flying boat to rescue the shipwrecked, and the U-boats of the United States expel

giant of the skies of Russia started to build the largest cargo aircraft in the world

In Russia, the model of a giant air was presented to the Transporter. The Jet could cargo of 500 tons or ten battle tanks to transport. Model, the-Caspian-sea-Monster of the USSR.

Gernot Kramper

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