The military turning point of world war II was long before the summer of 1944. In him, the last began to change, and especially loss-making Phase of the war. At the latest after the defeat in Stalingrad a German defeat was inevitable. Germany’s best strategist Erich von Manstein defeated the Soviets in the Winter of 1943, once again in the battle of Kharkov, but the German Offensive failed in the Kursk salient in the spring of 1943, it was finally clear that Berlin could delay the Inevitable only also.

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failed The greatest military defeat of the German

At the 6. June 1944 landed the allies in Normandy. The only hope of the German military, it was, these troops immediately after the landing, into the sea. This was not possible, in France, a two-month war of attrition, which could lose the Germans only began.

war-the myth of Trouble to the Russian war film: exploits, not so By Gernot Kramper

The “D-Day” is well known, the Operation “Bagration”, on may 23. June 1944 starts, hardly anyone has heard of. But they gave the Germans the greatest military defeat of all time. Half a Million German soldiers died and the entire army group center virtually ceased to exist. It’s no coincidence that the red storm began almost on the same day as the German attack on the USSR. The historian Karl-Heinz Friese said the “world”: “That was the intention. The Red army had the character to Orient themselves in the case of the termination of operations on days of remembrance.” Was named the Operation to Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration. He commanded the left wing at the battle of Borodino, when the Russians tried Napoleon before Moscow stop. Bagration fell at the battle. He was popular with his soldiers. They called him “Bogration“ – the God of the army.

world war II Ilyushin IL-2 “Sturmovik” – the flying tank of the Soviet Of Gernot Kramper

The massive ground offensive in the summer of 1944, was intended as revenge for the crushing Offensive of the Germans in the year 1941, at the end of your result exceeded even the high expectations of the Soviet high command.

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in terms of Numbers, the Red army was superior to the German. For the first onslaught of the Soviet Stavka provided, the Soviet high command, 14 armies and a tank army. Approximately 1.6 million man. Nominally, the Supremacy of the Soviets looked not so oppressive, the Germans had on paper over about 850,000 man. And an at least partially well-developed defence system. However, many of the German associations were under their target strength, the real strength of the relationships were far more oppressive than on the paper.

world war II: Operation Bagration, as the Soviets, an entire German army group destroyed Fullscreen

against the shock troops of the Division greater Germany.

©German Federal archive Blitzkrieg, according to the nature of the Soviets

in Addition, the Red army in 1944 in the Central moments of the lightning war the concept better. The Germans believed that they had invented the concept of the lightning war alone. However, in the USSR, Vladimir Triandafillov, and Mikhail Tukhachevsky in the 1920s and 1930s, had developed the concept of “Deep Operation”. Their strategy was that large military attacks ion in different places and in waves. Given the Chaos of the enemy could not know where the decisive attacks would take place. Specially designed armored “shock armies” should then force the decisive breakthroughs.

In the summer of 1944, Soviet troops were far more mobile than the German infantry divisions and they were massively supported by its own aircraft. The German Luftwaffe had lost the battle for air superiority in the East. The Wehrmacht led, in the meantime, the “war of the poor man”, as the historian Karl-Heinz Frieser put it. The 3. Tank army had not a single battle tank more, and you had 60,000 horses.

see also: battle tanks T-34 the German Tanks were easy prey.

So the Soviets had the Initiative and could almost make them the focus of their attacks. At this decisive breakthrough of the German forces were then, in fact, the house under. In addition, the German enemy reconnaissance took on a different direction of the Soviet Offensive, and all references to the real intentions of the Ones ignored.

breakthroughs in many parts of the Front

Equal to six Digits, the Soviets broke through the German Front. It was not to the of the German projected major Offensive with the aim of Berlin, but it was a variety of attacks along the Front. In the German Hinterland of 150,000 partisans, the two days before the attack with 10,000 explosives to the railway line lame, but also operated. It is the biggest sabotage was the action of the war. The partisans destroyed “more than a thousand transport nodes,” wrote military historian David Glantz. The loss of the railway system made “the German retreat, the troops re-supply, and side to side movements impossible.” At the climax of the Offensive, more than four million soldiers, 62,000 of guns, 7500 tanks and 7100 aircraft took part in the Fighting. The strongest forces of the army were encircled in Minsk and destroyed. From the West, the German high command was able to pull off the difficult troops, reinforcements would have to be taken, therefore, from other Parts of the Eastern front. The result of further breakthroughs for the Soviets.

Second world war battle tanks T-34 the German Tanks were easy prey By Gernot Kramper

The Chaos was indescribable. The efforts of the marches and the lack of supply led to young recruits collapsed in Tarnopol and simply died of exhaustion. The Wehrmacht soldier Heinz Fiedler from the 134. Infantry Division, reported in a TV documentary: “So we, and I, were and the the were at the front screaming ‘Pak and Flak to the front!’ and from behind: ‘We have no Fuel. We have no ammunition.’ And this went on for a while. It was all shit.“

The Soviet Journalist Vasily Semyonovich Grossman recalled: “The men are running over the corpses of German soldiers. Corpses, hundreds and thousands to cover the road, in ditches, under the pines, to the green fields of grain. In some Places vehicles over the body to fahren, because you are so close to the ground.”

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In France, a feat the Germans after the breakout of the allies from the Normandy bridge-head: you could save a large part of your troops, the faster retreating, as the allied advance could. In the East is not possible. The large distances in the East and the high rise speed of the Russian armored forces prevented an orderly retreat. Added to this were the Attempts of Hitler to prevent by holding commands a retreat. Hitler had a fixed idea, to defend selected places as a fortress. The garrisons of these “fixed places” should you defend to “the last breath” and as a “breakwater” of the red flood your swing take. The soldiers had to volunteer to flank and should be carved in the coming counter-offensive. In this concept, nothing worked. The selected places were by no means strengthened the fortress, although it was achieved, sufficient troops for your defense to move in together – was the planned counter-offensive never. The biggest Problem: The breakwater could inhibit the advance of the Red army, not to mention value. The Soviet Stavka set up, as envisaged in the doctrine of the “Deep Operation” – in 1944, several waves of attack associations. So you could include the fixed places and at the same time advancing with fresh troops to continue.

The Drama in Warsaw

in the Middle of the Offensive began in Warsaw, a Drama. 27. July, the 2 should. Tank army with about 800 tanks advance and the Warsaw district of Praga to take. Advance divisions of the Red army crossed shortly after the Vistula. They formed to the North of Warsaw, a bridge-head. But the German field Marshal Walter Model proved to be a master of defense. His paratroopers, the Soviets stopped in Praga. The counter-attack of his troops, the 2 cost. Tank army 550 of their tanks. On 4. August 2 was. Tank army practically made the assault on Warsaw rubbed failed.

the first world war, The first tank attack was a huge success – in the Propaganda Of Gernot Kramper

But as the Soviet tanks on 1. August Praga had reached the Polish government-in-exile, the Signal for a great uprising in Warsaw, to bring the city under their control. The capital should be freed before the Russians could occupy. However, after the loss of 2. Panzer army under Stalin took no effort to come to the Western-oriented rebels to help. Help from the air by the Western allies, he blocked. The Warsaw uprising was crushed by the Germans with incredible cruelty low. The plan was for the Failure of the attack of the 2. Tank army on Warsaw, but, undoubtedly, thought Stalin to take advantage of the failed uprising.

the storm was followed by the rich

by the end of August 1944, which ended the advance of the red army. 17 German divisions were completely destroyed. 50 divisions had lost more than half of the soldiers. In two months the Red army had pushed 600 miles to the West, upstream. Huge territories of white Russia, parts of Latvia, Lithuania and Poland were liberated from German. At least for Poland and the Baltic States, it must be noted that they were caught with this “exemption” under the reign of terror of Stalin. At the end of August, the Soviets were directly in front of East Prussia and the territory of the Reich. Shortly thereafter, they succeeded, the German army group North in the Baltic to cut off. The Germans were unable to counter the Red army then nothing more. The military historian Hermann Gackenholz wrote to the “agony of the German warfare in the East” began.

sources.

David Glantz, “When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler”

William M. Connor, “Analysis of Deep Attack Operations: Operation Bagration”

Karl-Heinz Frieser (ed.) “The Eastern Front, 1943/44. The war in the East and to the secondary fronts”

you can also read:

– Offensive at Kursk – the tomb of the German tank weapon

– the battle of Dubno – with 3,000 tanks of the Red army wanted to stop the German invasion

– Ilyushin IL-2 “Sturmovik” – the flying tank of the Soviet

Stalin’s angel of death – against Lyudmila Pavlichenko, the German Sniper is powerless

the Second world war, battle of Dubno, were – with 3,000 tanks of the Red army wanted to stop the German invasion

Over 3000 tanks were the Germans in the first days of the war in Dubno. Today, the battle is forgotten. The Soviets lost in spite of their Superiority. However, the German playful the Chance to conquer Moscow.

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